Psilocybe baeocystis. Psilocybe baeocystis is
apsilocybin mushroom of the family Hymenogastraceae. It contains the hallucinogenic
compounds psilocybin, psilocin and baeocystin. The species is commonly known by various names such as bottle caps, knobby tops, blue bells, olive caps.
Psilocybe baeocystis is named for its characteristic rippled cap, with baeo-cystis translating to “small- bladder”, something the fungus resembles when fresh. It is more frequently found under the aliases of “bottle caps”, “knobby tops”, “blue bells” or “olive caps”; all references to the various traits of the cap. Along with the wavy ripples, the cap easily bruises from a chestnut-brown, olive-green to a metallic dark blue when handled or old.
A relative oddity concerning this species is that its potency is markedly higher when fresh, usually diminishing to at least half with drying. This may be attributed to the very high levels of baeocystin, a psychoactive analog of psilocybin, that can degrade with age and lower humidity. This compound, common within Psilocybe but usually at much lower levels, is named for the mushroom itself, it !rst being found and characterized from the species.
Along with the compound that shares its
namesake, P. baeocystis also boasts levels of psilocin that place it in the top three. While the amount of psilocybin ranks near P. cubensis, moderate to low, this species also contains a small but e”ective quantity of norbaeocystin, a similar alkaloid to the rest. All combined, this makes for a very potent mushroom when fresh: a large dose would be 1-3 mushrooms or up to !ve grams. When dried, a sample of only one gram can produce vivid e”ects.
Due to both the overall potency of the species and the speci!c importance on the freshness of the fruiting bodies, P. baeocystis is a rare but advantageous choice for home cultivation. It is relatively variable in its tolerance for substrate: peat, mulches and humus-based stock may be suitable options. While they may be confused with similar species such as P. aztecorum, P. quebecensis or P. cyanescens, they are a common wild cultivar primarily to attain their maximum freshness.
P. baeocystis are not uncommon in their natural range of the Paci!c Northwest of North America. More rarely and recently, they have been discovered on the East coast, in the states of Maine and Connecticut in the United States. Generally, they grow naturally within one hundred kilometers of the coastline, however deviations are not rare. Depending on the speci!c location, they may be found as early as late June, and as late as December in particularly warm autumns or winters.
Easing discovery, this species is frequently out in the open, in lawns and sparse forests. They may also be found near ornamental plants, preferring rose bushes and rhododendrons in particular. For those lucky enough to locate this fungus naturally, it is commonly found near Psilocybe cousins, P. stuntzii and P. cyanescens, all of which are able to produce hallucinogenic e”ects to varying
degrees. P. baeocystis can be di”erentiated in part by their likelihood to grow root-like “rhizomorphs” near the base of the stipe, and a sticky and often separable layer that covers the cap known as a “pellicle”.
This species de!ned a common compound that contributes to the “magic” of Psilocybe mushrooms. Either dried or, for the lucky explorer, fresh samples are ensured to provide an intense experience.
Pileas: The cap is 1.5–5.5 cm in diameter and conic to obtusely conic to convex. The cap margin is turn inwards when young, rarely becoming plane in age, often distinctly ripple, translucent-striate and bruising and aging greenish-bluish about the margin. It is dark olive brown to buff brown in color, occasionally steel blue; when dried it tends toward copper brown in the center. It is hygrophanous, fading to milk white, and viscid when moist from a gelatinous pellicle, usually separable. The flesh is thin and bruises blue easily
Gills: The gills are close
with adnate to sinuate attachment and are grayish to cinnamon brown, with the edges remaining pallid.
Spore Print: dark purplish brown
Stipe: The stipe is 5–7 cm long, 2–3 mm thick, and equal to subequal. The color is pallid to brownish with white filaments, while often more yellowish towards the apex. Distinct rhizomorphs is at the base. The stipe is brittle, stuff with loose fibers, and the partial veil is evanescent and rapidly becomes indistinguishable.gbh drugs wiki
Stain: It stains blue easily where damaged.